Egypt is a famous diving destination because of the Red Sea, one of the best diving sites in the world, with its abundance of color and sea life, dives away from the coast with warm waters, few currents, and diving sites close to the coast. This country has two main diving regions: Sharm El Sheik (the sheik's bay) on the tip of the Sinai peninsula; Hurghada in the Red Sea's central coast. Surrounded by the desert, the Red Sea has one of the most developed and rich marine ecosystems in the planet. It has over 1 000 types of fish and 500 types of hard and soft corals, thousands of invertebrates with a huge variety in color, texture and pattern. Divers can observe the plentiful life in reefs: sharks, rays, turtles, barracudas. Also, there are shallow reef gardens, deep vertical walls, and intact shipwrecks of all sizes.
With an area of 1 001 450 km², Egypt is the 29th largest country in the world, slightly bigger than the Brazilian state Mato Grosso and twice as big as France. Egypt is bordered by Israel and the Gaza Strip to the north-east, by Sudan to the south and by Libya to the west. The Sinai peninsula in Asia is also a part of Egypt, connected to the rest of the country through the isthmus of Suez, which makes of Sinai a transcontinental state. The country controls the Suez channel, which connects the Mediterranean to the Red Sea, and so , to the Indic ocean. Egypt has a hot, arid climate with low precipitation except on winter months in the northern regions. Average temperatures are between 27 °C and 32 °C in summer (up to 43 °C in the Red Sea coast), and 13 °C to 21 °C in winter. A constant northeastern wind helps lower the temperature in the Mediterranean coast. Another wind, the Khamsin, blows from the south in spring, bringing with it sand and dust, can increase temperature in the desert to over 38 °C
Entry visas are obligatory to all travellers. For common passports, they can be obtain upon arrival at the airport by payment of an amount of dollars or euros. There are, however, three types of visa: the Tourist Visa, usually valid for three months; the Entry Visa, for all foreigners whose purpose is not tourism (work, study, etc.); and the Transit Visa, hardly ever necessary and only for a few nationalities.
No vaccination is required to enter Egypt. However, vaccination against hepatitis A and typhoid is recommended.
Egypt's time zone: UTC +2 (EEC)
As for communications, Egypt has a modern telecommunications network, with public phones in the main urban centers. It is possible to use your own cellphone through your country's roaming service, or by acquiring a prepaid card in Vodafone Egypt and Mobinil stores. You can also easily access the internet, available in cybercafés, bars, hotels and libraries.
In Egypt, electricity is 220 volts by 50 Hz. The plugs and sockets are the European type, with two round pins.
In Egypt tips form a large majority of people's income (especially those who work in the service/hospitality industry) because without tips, their monthly wages would simply not be enough to live by. Drink plenty of bottled water to avoid dehydration, but make sure it is properly sealed before drinking. Since Egypt is a conservative country, it is advisable to wear pants instead of shorts. Be cautious in engaging in public same-sex contact, as homosexuality is extremely taboo in this country.
Which are the best scuba diving locations in Egypt? Below, you will find a list of all locations of Egypt, organized by regions, in which you can dive and snorkel.
Which locations in Egypt have underwater photos? Below, you will find the list of locations from Egypt and for each location a list of underwater photos.
Which marine species can I observe in Egypt? Below, you will find the list of marine species and the photos for each species.
Which photographers have taken underwater photos in Egypt? Below, you will find the list of underwater photographers and their photos in Egypt.
Which scuba diving centers can I dive with in Egypt? Below, you can see the list of scuba diving centers in Egypt. Click on “more info” to find out more about each scuba diving center.
Which liveaboard can I dive with in Egypt? Below, you can see the list of liveaboard in Egypt. Click on “more info” to find out more about each liveaboard.