Canada offers some of the most diverse dives in North America. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Is also has the Great Lakes which border the USA, offering excellent opportunities to dive to shipwrecks and observing a number of marine species. The waters on both parts of Canada have a rich variety of marine life, close to 400 species of fish. Diving in Canada is also known for encounters with humpback whales and giant octopus, there are other amazing opportunities worth considering like diving next to plankton or swimming with giant seals in the kelp forests, hard to find experiences anywhere else. There are four main diving areas in Canada: British Columbia, where you can find the biggest artificial reef in the world and the Butchart Gardens; Ontario, which has one of the best lakes for diving; Quebec, famous for its shipwrecks; and New Scotia. Also worth noting are Newfoundland and Alberta.
Canada occupies most of North America, sharing its land border with the continental United States to the south and the US state Alaska to the northwest, and spreads between three oceans. In total area (including bodies water), Canada is the second largest country in the world, second only to Russia. In land mass (total area minus lakes and rivers), Canada is the fourth largest country in the planet. Canada has a very long coastline on the north, east and west and, since the last glacial period, consists of eight different forest regions including the vast boreal forest on top of the Canadian Shield. The vastness and variety of the geography, ecology, vegetation and relief of Canada originated a big variety of climate in the entire country. Due to its large size, Canada has more lakes than any other country in the world, which contain most of the planet's fresh water. The average temperatures of the summer and winter vary from region to region. In the interior and Canadian prairies the climate is continental, where average daily temperatures are close to 15°C and can drop below -40°C, with an extremely cold felt air temperature and where snow can cover the ground for almost 6 months (more so in the north). The coast of British Columbia enjoys a temperate climate, with a mild, rainy winter. In the east and west coasts average temperatures are higher, generally above 20 °C, while between the coasts the average summer temperature varies from 25°C to 30 °C and, in some cases, to 40 °C.
If you are a tourist you may need a visa to enter Canada, depending on your home country. All visitors must possess a valid passport, have sufficient funds for the duration of their intend stay, and ensure that they are criminally and medically admissible to enter Canada. Any offence, misdemeanor or felony can exclude you from Canada for a period of time, indefinitely, or permanently.
There are occasional outbreaks of mosquito-transmitted diseases in Canada, like the West Nile virus, Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) and dengue fever. You must take precautions against mosquito bites whenever possible and seek medical attention as soon as you feel indisposed. For more informations, please consult you doctor.
Canada has six time zones. From the eastern coast of Terra Nova and Labrador UTC -3.5, through the Atlantic, the East, the Center, the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific, which is UTC -8.
Canada has a modern telecommunications network, like public phones that you can find in the main city centers, cellphones of the Airtel, Bell Mobility and Cityphone networks. You can acquire a prepaid card or use your cellphone through your country's roaming service. You can also access the internet, available in cybercafés, bars, hotels and libraries.
In Canada, electricity is of 120 volts by 60 Hz. The plugs and sockets are the UK type.
Be aware that most Canadian provinces have banned all indoor smoking in public places and near entrances. Some bans include areas such as bus shelters and outdoor patios.
Which are the best scuba diving locations in Canada? Below, you will find a list of all locations of Canada, organized by regions, in which you can dive and snorkel.
Which locations in Canada have underwater photos? Below, you will find the list of locations from Canada and for each location a list of underwater photos.
Which marine species can I observe in Canada? Below, you will find the list of marine species and the photos for each species.
Which photographers have taken underwater photos in Canada? Below, you will find the list of underwater photographers and their photos in Canada.
Which liveaboard can I dive with in Canada? Below, you can see the list of liveaboard in Canada. Click on “more info” to find out more about each liveaboard.
Which accommodation can I rest after my dive in Canada? Below, you can see the list of accommodation in Canada. Click on “more info” to find out more about each accommodation.