Brazil has a huge coast, with over 8 000 km, bathed by the Atlantic Ocean, and has countless deserted beaches, shipwrecks and plentiful sea life like groupers, corals, gorgonians, angelfish, seahorses, blowfish, rock beauties, pork fish, rays and many other fish in depth of more than 25 meters. This country offers many diving sites along all the coastline and next to the equatorial line, where there is great biological diversity due to the equatorial climate. One of the most famous diving sites in Brazil is Fernando de Noronha, a group of islands in the northeast coast of the country, with clear and warm waters, shallow lagoons and natural pools, amazing underwater landscapes and numerous dolphins, all of which make this site a sanctuary of sea life. Besides Fernando de Noronha, you will find many other diving sites with excellent conditions, known for its clear turquoise-blue waters, filled with sea life like Arraial do Cabo, Salvador de Baía, Recife-Olinda and Ilha Grande in Angra dos Reis.
Brazil is the biggest country in South America and the fifth biggest in the world in territorial area. It is bordered by the Atlantic ocean on the east, with a coastline of over 8 mil km. It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. The climate of Brazil comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large area and varied topography, but most of the country is tropical. According to the Köppen system, Brazil hosts five major climatic subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical, temperate, and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from equatorial rainforests in the north and semiarid deserts in the northeast, to temperate coniferous forests in the south and tropical savannas in central Brazil. Many regions have starkly different microclimates.
Brazil has a reciprocal visa policy with all countries, meaning that whenever prices and restrictions are applied to Brazilian visiting a country, Brazil adopts the same measures for that country's visitors. Portuguese tourists don't need a visa. However, USA citizens have to pay at least US$140 for a tourist visa and US$200 for a business visa. All tourist visas initially have a 90-day validity and can only be extended once, for a maximum of 90 days, and under no circumstances can you be granted more than 180 days with a tourist visa for any 365-day period. It is illegal to enter the country with animals, plants, seeds or any non-processed food without permission.
Vaccination against yellow fever and taking anti-malaria medication may be necessary if you are traveling to central-western (Mato Grosso) or northern (Amazon) regions. If you're arriving from Peru, Colombia or Bolivia, proof of yellow fever vaccination is required before you enter Brazil.
There are three time zones in Brazil: UTC -2 in Fernando de Noronha and other oceanic islands; UTC -3 in Brasilia and most of the country, the regions of the south, southeast, and northeast; UTC -4 in the Mato Grosso Sul and Mato Grosso States, the Center-West region and the Amazonas states, besides the western part of Pará in the northern region.
To communicate from this region, you can use the public phones and your cellphone, by acquiring a prepaid card or through your country's roaming service. Besides that, you can also use internet in inns, hotels and bars.
In Brazil, electricity is of 110/220 volts by 60 Hz. The plugs and sockets are the USA and EURO type.
By law, everyone must carry a photo ID at all times. For a foreigner, this means your passport. However, the police will mostly be pragmatic and accept a plasticized color photocopy.
Which are the best scuba diving locations in Brazil? Below, you will find a list of all locations of Brazil, organized by regions, in which you can dive and snorkel.
Which locations in Brazil have underwater photos? Below, you will find the list of locations from Brazil and for each location a list of underwater photos.
Which marine species can I observe in Brazil? Below, you will find the list of marine species and the photos for each species.
Which photographers have taken underwater photos in Brazil? Below, you will find the list of underwater photographers and their photos in Brazil.
Which scuba diving centers can I dive with in Brazil? Below, you can see the list of scuba diving centers in Brazil. Click on “more info” to find out more about each scuba diving center.
Which accommodation can I rest after my dive in Brazil? Below, you can see the list of accommodation in Brazil. Click on “more info” to find out more about each accommodation.