Australia is known as the diving country, famous for the largest barrier reef in the world, unbelievably clear waters and exuberant fauna and flora. With its 1930km length, 350 000 square kilometers area, 71 islands (like the Solitary and the Abrolhos islands) and 2900 reefs, the Great Barrier Reef can even be seen from space, as verified by astronauts and artificial satellites. In its wonderful and complex ecosystem, you can find 400 species of coral, 10 000 kinds of sea sponges and an infinity of fish and animals like rays, sharks, turtles, potato cods, morays and giant squids. Besides all this, a curious phenomenon occurs on a specific night, depending on several factors like the moon's phase, water temperature and climatic conditions. This phenomenon is the coral spawning, responsible for the reproduction of the species, where all the coral releases at the same time eggs no bigger than a grain of rice which are taken by the currents to form new colonies and renew the ones that already exist. This incredible process can even blur the otherwise clear water with billions of eggs floating in the ocean.
Australia is a country in Oceania, which encompasses the smallest continental area in the world, the Tasmanian island and several adjacent islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. To the south and west of this continent-island is the Indian Ocean. To the north is the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Torres Strait. To the east is the Coral Sea and the Tasmanian Sea. Through these, Australia has a maritime border to the north with Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea. The French territory of New Caledonia lies to the east and New Zealand to the southeast. Australia's climate is significantly influenced by the ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, which is correlated with periodic drought and the seasonal tropical low pressure system that produces cyclones in northern Australia. Southwest Australia has a Mediterranean climate and much of the southeast is temperate.
To enter Australia a visa is needed, whatever the country you come from and the purpose for your visit to Australia (leisure, work or study). New Zealand citizens may request a vista upon entry, while the citizens of another country have to request a visa before leaving their country. The visa usually has a 6 month period, but can be increased up to 12 months, if needed. For more information about travel documentation, please contact your travel agency, Australian Embassy or Consulate in your hometown.
No vaccination is needed to visit Australia, unless you are coming from an infected zone. The International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever is required only when travelling from an infected area and when the traveller is more than one year old. For more information, consult your physician or the Australian Embassy.
Australia has three time zones. Sydney in the east coast is 10 hours ahead of Greenwich time. The center of the country is 9 hours ahead and the west coast is 8 hours ahead.
As for communications, Australia has a modern telecommunications network, with public phones, GSM and CDMA cellphone networks. It is possible to use your own cellphone through your country's roaming service, or by acquiring a prepaid card. You can also easily access the internet, available in coffee shops, bars, hotels and libraries.
Electricity in Australia is 240 volts by 50 Hz. The plugs and sockets are the Australian type, with two diagonal pins and one vertical.
In Australia drive on the left. Also, Australia has strict quarantine requirements regarding importing animal and vegetable derived products (any food, wooden products, seeds, etc.). You must declare all such material.
Which are the best scuba diving locations in Australia? Below, you will find a list of all locations of Australia, organized by regions, in which you can dive and snorkel.
Which locations in Australia have underwater photos? Below, you will find the list of locations from Australia and for each location a list of underwater photos.
Which marine species can I observe in Australia? Below, you will find the list of marine species and the photos for each species.
Which photographers have taken underwater photos in Australia? Below, you will find the list of underwater photographers and their photos in Australia.
Which scuba diving centers can I dive with in Australia? Below, you can see the list of scuba diving centers in Australia. Click on “more info” to find out more about each scuba diving center.
Which liveaboard can I dive with in Australia? Below, you can see the list of liveaboard in Australia. Click on “more info” to find out more about each liveaboard.
Which accommodation can I rest after my dive in Australia? Below, you can see the list of accommodation in Australia. Click on “more info” to find out more about each accommodation.